Plaque is a soft substance of a color between white and yellow that is formed by the accumulation of bacteria, food debris, remains of proteins and saliva that is deposited on the surface of the teeth and the gum.
In the dental plaque some bacteria that are part of the microorganisms of the mouth are concentrated. Although not all are harmful, some can degrade the sugars in the food we eat and transform them into acids that attack our teeth, destroying tooth enamel and causing tooth decay.
This accumulation of plaque can also cause other problems such as gingivitis. In addition, if it is not removed in time and remains for a long time on our teeth, it can mineralize and can trigger tartar formation or dental calculus. Once turned into tartar, it can no longer be removed by brushing and will require professional cleaning by a dentist in order to remove it.
Bacteria are present in all mouths. In fact, we have more than 1000 different species of bacteria in the mouth. Plaque is constantly formed because bacteria are always present in the oral cavity and because we do not eliminate it properly with oral hygiene. To grow and develop, bacteria feed on waste from our diet and saliva. If this is repeated for a long time, destroys tooth enamel and causes tooth decay. Plaque can cause tooth decay and gingivitis. When it evolves, if gingivitis is not treated, it can cause periodontitis, which already leads to the destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth and can even cause tooth loss.
That said, it is clear that keeping dental plaque at bay is essential to enjoy a healthy and beautiful smile.
What should we do to prevent the plaque from accumulating?